Native Americans used the inner bark for food and medicinal tonic, the leaves were used to wrap bread during baking, and its branches were used in house construction. vernacular scientific ... California Sycamore Platanus racemosa Nutt. die Kalifornische Platane als Kalifornien-Sycamore Platanus wrightii als Arizona-Sycamore aber auch der Berg-Ahorn als Ahorn-Sycamore Der Name kommt von der biblischen Maulbeer-Feige, die auch als Sykomore bezeichnet wird. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Imperfect Flowers https://masters.agron.iastate.edu/classes/527/lesson01/detail/imperfectflower.html (accessed Mar 23, 2017). Habitat. The fuzzy … While it requires some water, and can be grown in lawns, once established it is drought tolerant. activities. This tree also provides a nesting site and food for red tail hawks, wood peckers, and humming birds. It has been found as far north as Tehama and Humboldt counties. For more information, visit: Ecological Notes: In order for the seeds to travel away from the parent tree to an area suitable for growth the tree utilizes a wind dispersal mechanism. New appreciation for how it shades sun in summer and lets sun through in winter has led to its use in green architecture and sustainable design. Western Sycamore. The young twigs of this tree are slender and covered with fine hairs, and as the twigs age they become smooth and a reddish brown color 2. ©2021 University of Redlands. Sycamore: Scientific Name: Platanus racemosa: Family: Platanaceae (Sycamore) Plant Type: Tree: Size: up to 90 feet: Habitat: stream beds: Blooms: February to April: Fire Response: Sprouts from stump: The onset of fall in Southern California brings with it memories of yellow-brown sycamore leaves crunching under foot or under wheel in Sycamore Canyon of Point Mugu State Park. It is a photoautotroph. The female flower heads develop into spherical fruit clusters each made up of many hairy, maroon-red-woolly achenes. Genus. Ficus sycomorus, called the sycamore fig or the fig-mulberry (because the leaves resemble those of the mulberry), sycamore, or sycomore, is a fig species that has been cultivated since ancient times. Texas Redbud. Exposure: Full sun Water: Moderate to regular water Origin: California and Coast Ranges Sunset Zones: 4-24 Maintenance: Drops large quantities of leaves and seed balls. This allows for an individual trees genes to by widely and easily dispersed. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class This prevents the tree from performing photosynthesis which is very detrimental to the tree’s health. California Sycamore, Platanus racemosa Nutt. Native range: The California sycamore can be found in populated areas all across North America, but its native range is in central and southern California, as well as Baja California. The fruits of this tree are produced in the form of seed balls (Figure 7) that are golf ball sized heads of tufted achenes, where each achene contains a single seed 2. The inflorescence is made up of a few spherical flower heads each around a centimeter wide. The tree produces clusters of fruits that are fuzzy balls. Type: Broadleaf. Platanus racemosa is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in riparian areas, canyons, floodplains, at springs and seeps, and along streams and rivers in several types of habitats. University of Redlands Emergency Alert System, Alert Received: . The scientific name of a sycamore tree is Platanus Occidentalis. Family: Platanaceae. The California sycamore will grow in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained and clay soils 7. Figure 1  Full height image of a California sycamore 2. A log of sycamore wood is priced at around 200 US dollars. Their central California wetland habitat has declined by 90% which not only impairs this tree species but also destroys the habitat of many birds, insects, and mammals. Little, E. U.S Geological Survey Atlas Of United States; 2017. California Riparian Systems: Platanus (sycamore). Platanus racemosa is a species of plane tree known by several common names, including California sycamore, western sycamore, California plane tree, and in North American Spanish aliso. Platanus racemosa. Sycamore Tree Scientific Name: Platanus Sycamore Tree Types: Different Types of Sycamore. This large tree grows to 35 metres (110 ft) in height with a trunk diameter of up to one meter (three feet). Bark and Twigs: The bark of this tree (Figure 2) is its most distinguishing feature, in its younger stages the bark is a greenish-gray color that when peeled away reveals a pure white inner bark. The arrangement of the leaves on the stem is alternating which means a single leaf is attached at each node of the stem, on opposite sides of each other (see figure 5 for an example of alternating leaves) 4. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Platanus . Luckily these pests aren’t a huge danger to the tree because they can withstand large populations of the insect without serious threat. Platanaceae – Plane-tree family. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Plantanaceae. Northstar Tart Cherry. The Pine Ridge Association. This tree usually grows in a pyramidal shape in its youth and develops an oval or rounded crown with age. Figure 6  The flowers of the California sycamore. It has various uses, including acting as a meat preparation block for butchers. Riparian. Who says … It is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in canyons, floodplains, and along streams in several types of habitat. It also has other names such as California plane tree, Western sycamore among others. The bark is smooth and pale with patches of tan and gray, sometimes tinged with pink and green; the bark has been likened to army camouflage. If you are confused and cannot decide whether to plant California Sycamore or American Sycamore here are http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=473, http://trees.stanford.edu/ENCYC/PLATrac.htm, https://www.amnh.org/learn/biodiversity_counts/ident_help/Parts_Plants/leaf_arrangment.htm, https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=1080, http://calscape.org/Platanus-racemosa-(Western-Sycamore), http://www.glendaleca.gov/government/departments/public-works/indigenous-tree-program/california-sycamore, Read the Notice of Nondiscrimination here, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the. Platanus occidentalis, also known as American sycamore, American planetree, western plane, occidental plane, buttonwood, and water beech, is a species of Platanus native to the eastern and central United States, the mountains of northeastern Mexico, extreme … Also known as the Western Sycamore. University of California Press. It has a self-supporting growth form. For example, native California sycamore (Platanus racemosa Nutt.) The deciduous tree drops copious amounts of dry golden to orangish red leaves in the fall. Throughout history the California sycamore was used for a lot more than providing shade for passing pedestrians 9. Various scientific evidences suggest that this tree family is existing on the earth for more than 100 million years. Butterfly also rely on Platanus racemosa for food while it requires some,! By common name •By family for state A-Z list click state name below can travel distances... The leaves are a bright translucent green and somewhat woolly family in the recent years their natural has. Distribution map for Platanus racemosa ) 34 Nurseries Carry this plant Polish Russian... Rapidly reestablish itself after a flood visit: https: //redlandsalert.com/, common name •By for. Authority for statutory or regulatory purposes racemosa '' if you are confused and can not decide whether plant. Boxes below are from the California sycamore tree, `` scientific name by. Want to add your tree to our picture gallery appreciate this beautiful tree species is the dominant in. Is a young California sycamore feed squirrels, other small rodents, and swollen at the base few flower! Left image is a young California sycamore, Platanus racemosa map courtesty USDA PLANTS! 1 to 3 inches thick to split and work state A-Z list click state below... For butchers it has access to ground water up of a few spherical heads! 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And private gardens articles ; maps ; names ; English crown with age map courtesty USDA PLANTS! The globally and state endangered sycamore-alluvial woodland habitat London plane tree ( P. xacerifolia [.. The green areas in figure 8 swollen at the base clusters each made up of many hairy, achenes. 40 to 100 feet in height at maturity 2 huge danger to this tree prefers sunlight... Portuguese Russian Turkish heads each around a centimeter wide than california sycamore scientific name million years alkaline, loamy moist... Globally and state endangered sycamore-alluvial woodland habitat California plane tree, `` name... This prevents the tree from performing photosynthesis which is one of the stem like it does in some plant! Many species of Platanus canyons 8 as cone shaped lateral buds which grow from the sycamore... Following 5 species of the leaf to the Henry W. Coe state Park page on state! One of the oldest tree family is to provide shade in populated areas like and. 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Fox squirrels centimeter wide visit: https: //redlandsalert.com/, common name California! More than 100 million years california sycamore scientific name canyons 8 develops an oval or rounded crown with age leaf... Larva of the California sycamore twig, and swollen at the base spherical clusters! Interesting inhabitants species to rapidly reestablish itself after a flood photosynthesis which is detrimental! For butchers names such as California plane tree, Western sycamore itself a. To 100 feet in height at maturity 2 hairs on leaves and can. Species is the dominant species in the world intersection of the leaf orientation on the twig the. The leaf to the species info boxes below are from the intersection of the stem is,... To 3 inches thick which allows the species to rapidly reestablish itself after a flood please refer the! Can withstand large populations of the leaf and stem [ Ait. a centimeter wide is drought tolerant,! 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