Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. THE LAW CODE OF DRACO. Oligarchy refers to a small group of people who govern a nation together. Athenians voted for their leaders who came from the upper class. Their ideas, habits, and daily activities were majorly impacted by the community they lived in. This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. What was the main goal of Greek colonization in the Archaic Period? the two were in many ways similar, both dominated by aristocratic families who led the cities both militarily and culturally; however, the two cities had differences, too. (Brand, P.J. Athens allowed women to vote; Sparta didn't. Since about 2500 years ago in ancient Greece, and the city of Athens in the state that is different from the past authoritarian ways have developed a way to make decisions. Other Greek city states had an almost all militia army. they killed people. The Greek civilization Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy – where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. As per the legends of Greece, after the death of his father and then elder brother, the political horizon of Sparta became clouded. This enhanced the prestige of Sparta. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Athens is seen as the birthplace of democracy where a large number of the population had a say in state affairs and proceedings. Key Difference – Athens vs Sparta Athens and Sparta refer to two of the greatest cities of Greece between which many differences can be identified in terms of the lifestyles and value systems. Greece developed many political tools that aimed to spread decision making to the collective whole or representatives of the collective whole. Sparta took the leadership in war. Athens had strong adversaries. Many of the governing styles found through out the world today have been inspired by Ancient Greek states. Thus, one should not disregard the People, for they can be. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). Online Exam 4_04 Part 1 of 2 - 100.0/ 100.0 Points Question 1 of 40 5.0/ 5.0 Points How did the political systems in Athens and Sparta differ? The reason women were scrutinized so heavily on their fitness and physical state relates to the Spartan’s equivalent of the “master race” concept. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. Why did ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems? (S) The Athenian City (polis) and the Spartan empire. The agenda was set and decrees carried out by a 500 strong council, chosen by lot to serve one year each"(Finley, 1983). A: The Byzantine Empire dictated government policies. Overall, Athens, a democracy, would last longer, as evident by their ruins, and Sparta, an oligarchy, would not last long because as always, an oligarchy will always. Their voting system was simply a show of hands. Women in Sparta had designated arenas in which they would exercise and compete in athletic tournaments, usually secluded from the men who were out training. Athens used a form of limited democracy, where members of society served as leaders of the people. They were disallowed from wearing any types of cosmetics or makeup, which were abolished. On the other hand, they were polar opposites in many aspects, from social spheres, political structures, to military might, which I believe there are some hidden depths in these city-states. The after dinner parties and social events in Sparta and Athens both admitted only men, but their proceedings were rather different. Ares … These two cities were both powerful and famous but significantly different. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… mspamelalev. Rule by all the male citizens referred to as democracy, which is regarded as Greeks greatest contribution to modern day civilization (Democracy). Greece was truly the leader of political ingenuity due to the many laws, ideas, trade, people, and conflicts. However, in this essay, the author will discuss the life if Athenians and Spartans, moreover, we discuss how each group obtained their rights to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community. UoP The Life and Governmental Structures of the People of Athens and Sparta The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. Athens and Sparta. They did not always agree, and there was often discord within the Spartan governmental structure. Athens vs. Sparta AthensSparta Throughout the ancient world there were two dominating empires. Why did ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems? I will also talk about who was able to hold public office and what kinds of rules governed the selection of public office holders. Women were judged on their physique and physical and athletic prowess. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. ^^ Not entirely helpful, but sadly true. Hence, let’s look at how did their people obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community, and who held public office first. Because of this, Sparta had the only full time army in all of Greece. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. Athens is considered the birthplace of democracy because of the way they chose to run their city. The Pnyx was a hill where the Athenian Ekklesia would meet, with a speaker's platform called the "Bema", A Spartan phalanx at the Battle of Plataea. While they did kill people, they also were the first direct democracy. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy a sole, omnipote… Both were centred around the concept of citizenry : a set of free men that have the right to have material possession, to defend their families and their land and to form the elite of the society. These two ancient civilizations were 1,430 years apart from each other. Several thousand men were narrowed down You've reached the end of your free preview. Athens allowed all people to have a voice in the government; Sparta didn't. (n.d)). Sparta and Athens shared similarities and differences in their systems of government, militaristic focuses, judgment and views of women. With this in mind though, the structures of Athens’s and Sparta’s governments were not totally dissimilar. Sparta and Athens… Word Count: Athens vs. Sparta In Greece, Sparta and Athens society was very different in many ways. a series of five Ephors were elected by the people and exercised a substantial degree of political power.Women had no rights in either polis, although they enjoyed more freedom in Sparta than in Athens. This was important in shaping their social status and even their life in some cases. Compare And Contrast Athens And Sparta 991 Words | 4 Pages. HIST 1421 Discuss the political systems of Athens and Sparta. The Spartans and the Persians, who had slightly similar military power, were in the same geographic region which put Athens … Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. To begin with, Athens and Sparta were both famous in antiquity for their legend, cultures and the character of the people. The differences are what set the two apart while the things that they shared in common are what united them as Greek city-states. Authoritarian government to a person or a small group of people from the state government's decision is the type of system. Nevertheless, affinities between the Spartan and Athenian views and roles of women are evident, as Xenophon tells us. With this in mind though, the structures of Athenss and Spartas governments were not totally dissimilar. Further, when it comes to what. Answer: 3 question Discuss the political systems of Athens and Sparta. the Roman women from Sparta and the Greek women from Athens were completely different. Democracy is what we have today, where one person is the main leader, but there are three branches that do different things with the law to decide if it is okay. In addition to this, the social gatherings of Athenians and Spartans both had affinities and contrasts. In this paper I will discuss how the people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Sparta’s governance was centered around warfare and warriors, while Athens was centered around … Sparta, on the other hand, was ruled by five men with help from a council of elders. Sources. The Pnyx was a hill where the Athenian Ekklesia would meet, with a speaker's platform called the "Bema". 1447 Both took part in activity and took measures in order to look their best for the men of society. Government Differences While similar in that both cities utilized an assembly elected by the people, the two cultures also had some key differences in the form of governments they used. Spartan society and Athenian society had many difference and similarities in terms of various aspects of everyday life, military, women and other aspects. Possibly the most characteristic divide between these two great powers of the Ancient Mediterranean is their differing systems of government. How did the political systems in Athens and Sparta differ? Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx.   Located in the southern part of Greece on the Peloponnisos peninsula, the city-state of Sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by two kings and an oligarchy, or small group that exercised political control. Spartan and Athenian women would compete in exercise and sports such as discus, gym and wrestling. Cosmetics such as lead ‘foundation’ were common, but unbeknown to them, rather unhealthy. In Athens, Greece, Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who wrote a book called Politics, describing the laws and the type of government the people of Athens lived under in 350 B.C. Why did the ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems? In the Code of Hammurabi, used in Mesopotamia, almost every law that was broken was punishable by death. After toppling the dictator Hippias in 510 BC, Athenian demos not only took power, but also introduced electoral system that "with no single ruler. Of course, Spartan women did this to a far greater extent to Athenians. As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. How did the treatment of women d … iffer between Athens and Sparta? Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. A group of scholars are of the opinion that Rome held a “democratic system, identical to the Athenian”, yet historians like Morstein dispute this theory. Life in Sparta was vastly different from life in Athens. Furthermore, historians argue whether the people’s assemblies had a “voice” of after a certain period the elite outweighed the comitia centuriata with its power and influence. These were the descendants of the original Dorian conquerors who had subjugated the local Aecheans, forcing the latter to become helots and outdwellers in Laconia. ANCIENT GREECE CHAPTER 5 DRAFT. Athens citizens access to government offices and courts to enable the first city in the country. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. 9th - 10th grade. Athens, being a democracy, used the masses as well as nobles, aristocrats and generals as a part of their government. Three men paved the way to democracy for Athens – firstly Solon, followed by Pisistratus, and then finally Cleisthenes. The Spartan political mindset was war. The Greek civilization was an exciting period and also today people talk about it. In Greece, they went through three different types of government: monarchy (having one king or queen that controls everything by themselves), oligarchy (a small group of people that decides on things together) and democracy. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. Overall, Athens, a democracy, would last longer, as evident by their ruins, and Sparta, an oligarchy, would not last long because as always, an oligarchy will always Read More Art And Democracy In Ancient Greece's Creative Revolutions 1. B. Athens was not a military dictatorship; Sparta was. The most glaring difference is that Sparta did not have a democracy, while Athens did, though it was not total. Each kept the other under check, enabling no one to gain absolute power. Political institutions of Sparta: Lycurgus: The founder of the political institution of Sparta is Lycurgus. Save. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape. This differed from Sparta’s rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people – next to none, in fact. The first main difference between them was that Athens was more famous for its culture and civilization while Sparta was known for its warrior nature and had a fearsome reputation in those days. Two Cities.Athens and Sparta came up with different solutions to the challenges facing the early Greek poleis.In the eighth century b.c.e. In Athens, the Assembly could meet at least once a month or even two to three times a month. 68% average accuracy. Abstract Edit. This differed from Sparta, which did not allow its citizens any say in state matters (Knights, 2007). The Spartiates were the only full citizens and they owned the majority of the fertile land in Laconia and later Messenia which the helot… Government is Greece took extraordinary diverse forms across different city-States for centuries, political power could rest in the hand of one single individual which will be referred to as Monarchies or Tyranny, rule by small group of people referred to oligarchy or aristocracy. Which do you believe gave t - the answers to estudyassistant.com Sparta was cool. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. ATHENS AND SPARTA In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. By the time of Aristotle, the Greek laws were far less harsher than those of Babylon. Neither could attend the “palaestra” to exercise. They were all technically Greeks and spoke the same language but they fought against each other and had their own coinage and government and often had wars with each other. This differed from Spartas rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people next to none, in fact. Athens was not a military dictatorship; Sparta was. C: The mountainous topography resulted in the isolation of these city-states. In summary, Sparta and Athens may have been in great divergence to each other at their peaks during and around the Golden Age of Greece, but they possessed many parallel relationships in society. History. There are many examples and references are taken from their way of life and traditions. Such as Sparta which had a mix of Monarchy, Oligarchy, aristocracy, and tyranny. D. Athens allowed all people to have a voice in the government; Sparta didn't. The Athenian political system was democracy whereas the Spartan one was dictatorship. A. Athens didn't have hereditary kings; Sparta did C. Athens allowed women to vote; Sparta didn't D. Athens allowed all people to have a voice in the government; Sparta didn't. Question 2How did the political systems in Athens and Sparta differ? The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Democracy refers to a system of government in which every person has the right to participate. Spartan and Athenian society were very different in many aspects. Physical training was not unheard of though, and an Athenian woman exercising was not uncommon. On the contrary, there are historians who defend the theory that a nominee should follow several political traditions, namely establishing fruitful friendships with people of all classes, offering banquets, festivals and games and even handing out money to the people. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. In those 1,430 years, one can conclude that politics and laws would have advanced since the time of Babylon. Those who attended the Assembly could even get some pay which was a kind of motivation to lure more citizens to participate. Athens was a bunch of panzies. While Sparta and Athens both developed formidable land and sea forces at different stages in their history, each dominated in one particular arm of the military. Healthy and fit women would produce fit offspring, continuing the military tradition of Sparta. 17 times. I will talk about how these two city-states (Athens and Sparta) were similar in governmental structures and also address how they differed and in what ways. Also, we talk about who held the public office, what rules governed the selection of the public, and how the two cities were similar and different as government structure. Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. Classical Mediterranean and Europe: The Greeks. These two “poleis” each had similarities and differences regarding the status and view of women in society. Ancient Greece is associated as the birthplace of democracy but it is fair to say that Greece was home to various forms of governments. On the other hand, Athens was seen as the birthplace of democracy, meaning that it was ruled by the people who had a say in state affairs (history.com, n.d.). Which do you believe gave their citizens more freedom and participation in government? Other group of scholars promote the idea that patronage was the most essential part of the roman electoral system; hence campaigning is about mobilizing friends. 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. As various studies suggested, ancient Athens pursued permissiveness and democracy, which its form of government was the antecedent of nowadays 'rule by the people '. The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Law forbade all Spartan males from any occupation other than that of being a soldier. In my view, the authority was no longer centralized in the hands of one administrator, more ordinary people got a say in running the governmental affairs through suffrage, and obtained their official posts as well as participated in policy-making, though the majority of them were still upper-class populace. Sparta and Athens Sparta The distinctiveness of Sparta. This allowed for Sparta to forget about their state, and go on the offensive. Athens and Sparta were two city-states in the ancient Greece, which also had two different political systems or government. A. Athens didn't have hereditary kings; Sparta did. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. An excellent question indeed ! Sparta’s system of government was very exclusive and open to members of the only the highest social standing. Most of the Ancient Greek city-states practice democracy as their system of government although only Athens is well-known for it democracy. However, at the same time, the two shared a myriad of characteristics in common. The Political System of Sparta. Athens and Sparta: Life in the cities Greek and Roman Civilization University of the People July, 2017 Abstract Life in the ancient world was not that different from todays, the political life was managed by a minority as well as the majority of the people was on the side following directions from the leading class. And fit women would compete in exercise and sports such as discus, gym and wrestling early... 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